Located on the Iranian Plateau, Iran is the eighteenth largest country in the world and the 2nd largest one in the Middle East. With an area of 1.6 Million km2, it roughly equals to the area of the United Kingdom, Spain, France, and Germany together.
As one of the most mountainous countries in the world, Iran is covered by rugged mountain ranges and deserts. While Zagros and Alborz mountain ranges cover the western and northern parts of Iran, the golden deserts of Dasht-e Kavir (The Great Salt Desert) and Dasht-e Lut (The Emptiness Desert) are located on central and eastern sections.
By having dense rain forests in the north, warm sunny beaches in the south, snowy mountains in the west and amazingly hot deserts in the east, Iran is one of the few countries that gives the joy of experiencing four different seasons at the same time to travelers.