Tehran is the most populous city (around 8.8 million) and capital of Iran located in the southern part of the Alborz mountain range, 112 km south of the Caspian Sea.
The climate of the city of Tehran is influenced by mountains in the north and the plain in the south. Apart from the northern parts of Tehran, which are moderately humid, the other parts of the city are relatively warm and dry.
Tehran, due to its position as the capital, became more familiar with modernist manifestations, and modern architecture, earlier than other cities. The transformation of Tehran architecture from the traditional to the modern era was begun in Qajar period and continued during the Pahlavi era which changed the face of the city.
Many palaces have been built in Tehran, most of which are related to the Pahlavi and Qajar dynasties.
Main tourist attractions:
- Golestan Palace
- Niavaran Palace
- Jewelry Museum
- National Museum of Iran
- Tabiat Bridge
- Sa’dabad Complex